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Secwepemc Time Line 1860 to 1896

Indian Fish Trap, photograph courtesy of Enderby and District Museum, circa 1900

IThe gold rush, the first road, 30,000 miners, and overhunting. The influx of settlers meant a huge change of lifestyle for the Secwepemc.

1860

Governor Douglas issues statement on behalf of the Crown recognizing Indian right on the land. Douglas was a firm supporter of Aboriginal rights and title.

1861

Chief Commissioner of Lands, Colonel R.G. Moody is instructed to establish Indian reserves throughout the Colony “to be defined as they may be severally pointed out by the Indians themselves”.

1862

Smallpox reached the Secwepemc, at least 1/3 had perished; 13 out of 30 villages became extinct.

1862

Governor Douglas establishes the Neskonlith Douglas reserve which consists of over 1 million acres

1864

Joseph Trutch was appointed Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works for British Columbia and later became responsible for Indian Affairs.

1865
Methodist Church, on fourth Avenue in Kamloos, erected in 1911 to replace the original church built in that location in 1868.  The first church was built by early settlers in Kamloops
Click on Image to see full sized photo.

Settlers complain that Indians are not utilizing land and Trutch begins mission to reduce reserves.

1865

Settlers take land from Secwepemc

1866

Secwepemc were forcing settlers and their cattle from their Douglas reserve They refused anyone to cut trees on their land, burned grasslands to deny the settlers pasturage, and blocked miners from reaching the Upper Adams River.

1867
St. Joseph's Church, built  in circa 1900's  built at Kamloops Indian Band
Click on Image to see full sized photograph.

The first church was established (St. Joseph’s) in Kamloops. BC.

1870

BC Land Ordinance is passed giving powers to the provincial Commissioner of Lands and Works and makes no mention of Indian title.

1870’s

Most of the best agricultural land between Kamloops and Upper Shuswap Lake is taken for settlement

1871

Some southern Secwepemc reserves were established

1871

BC enters Confederation. The Terms of Union are established. The federal government assumes responsibility for Indian and BC will continue to exercise as liberal an Indian policy after the Union as it did before.

1871

CPR survey of the Interior.

1874

The Province passed a new land act consolidating all previous ones. The federal government would not approve the legislation because it made no provision for the establishment and protection of Indian lands.

1875-86

Establishment of Indian reserves.

1876

The first Indian Act is passed.

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