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Secwepemc Timeline 1763 to 1860

Birchbark Canoe

IThis was the beginng of contact, and interaction with the Europeans. It introduced a different culture to the Secwpemc People.

 

 

1763  

The Royal Proclamation of Britian reserved lands for Indian people until they ceded the lands or it was purchased by the crown.

1778

The Secwepemc have indirect contract with Europeans. British traded with coastal peoples who in turn traded with the Secwepemc.

1793

Alexander McKenzie ventured into Northern Secwepemc area.

1808

Simon Fraser had entered the far north of Secwepemc territory.

1811

David Stuart and Alexaner Ross of American Pacific Fur Company met the Secwepemc at Kamloops.

1812

Stuart and Ross bult an outpost at Kamloops (Fort Shewaps)

1812

Joseph LaRoque built a fort at the prsent day sight of the Kamloops Indian reserve.

1821

Hudson's Bay Company took over Fort Shewaps at Kamloops.

1827

Hudson's Bay Company report the near extinction of the beaver.

1827

Archabald MacDonald reports a whooping cough epidemic.

1829

Fort Kamloops reports that the Secwepemc are starving due to poor salmon run and their time spent trapping rather than hunting.

1842
Shuswap Indians participating in Passion Play
Click to see full size Image

The first Catholic missionary, Father Modeste Demers arrived in Kamloops.

1842-1843

Diptheria epidemic reported by John Tod

1842-1843
Early fishing camp, photo courtesy of Enderby and District Museum
Click to see full size Image

Fur trade carried on between traders and the Secwepemc. Overhunting and trapping lead to the near extinction of game.

Early 1850's

Traditional food source was diminishing forcing Secwepemc to starvation.

1852

Upper and Lower Canada passed separate pieces of legislation giving the Crown authority over Indian lands and their development.

1857

Gold was discovered in sand bars in Kamloops

1858

British created the colony of British Columbia. The gold rush brought outsiders to areas of Secwepemc territory previously unseen by the Europeans.

Early 1860's

The first road pierced the interior to serve growing European settlements. Thirty thousand miners came to the Interior of BC. Overhunting led to huge decreases in elk and caribou herds. The Secwepemc blocked the miners from entering their territory, but the damage had been done.

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